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Book of 1 Samuel - Chapter 19 - Verse 11

Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.


During this particular time in the story of David and Saul, Saul had become consumed with jealousy and fear towards David, who had gained popularity and success in battle. In his paranoia, Saul sent messengers to David's house to watch his every move and to ultimately kill him. However, Michal, David's wife, warned him of the imminent danger, urging him to flee and save his own life. The verse serves as a reminder of the intense power struggles and treachery that characterized the relationship between Saul and David. It also showcases the loyalty and quick thinking of Michal in protecting her husband from harm. This event eventually led to David's escape and his continued rise to power, as he navigated the dangerous political landscape of ancient Israel.

Theological Overview

One theological interpretation of the verse can be seen in the theme of betrayal and danger faced by David. In this particular verse, Saul sends messengers to David's house with the intention of killing him. However, David's wife, Michal, warns him of this impending danger, allowing David to escape and ultimately save his own life. This episode highlights the constant struggles and threats faced by David as he navigates through his relationship with Saul, who is intent on taking his life. It also emphasizes the importance of loyalty and trust within the family unit, as Michal's actions play a crucial role in ensuring David's safety.

Furthermore, a word study of the verse can reveal deeper insights into the context and implications of Saul's actions. For example, the term "slay" conveys a sense of urgency and violence in Saul's intentions towards David, highlighting the grave danger that David is in. Additionally, the word "watch" indicates a sense of surveillance and vigilance that Saul's messengers exhibit towards David, showcasing the extent of Saul's paranoia and determination to eliminate his perceived threat. By examining the specific wording used in the verse, readers can gain a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics at play between Saul and David, shedding light on the complexities of their relationship and the challenges faced by David in his journey towards becoming king.

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